Visual Environment Aspects of Public Building Design for People with Down Syndrome

Authors

  • Tania Chalim Architecture Department, Sepuluh November Institute of Technology
  • Arina Hayati Sepuluh November Institute of Technology, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8238-0427
  • Ima Defiana Architecture Department, Faculty of Civil, Planning and Geo Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2023.10.02.4

Keywords:

Down Syndrome, Sensory Architecture, Accessibillity, Building Design

Abstract

Down syndrome is a trisomy genetic disorder resulting in cognitive delays in the fetus. Cognitive impairment in Down syndrome affects short-term memory and motor impairment due to the characteristic hypotonia of the muscles. People with Down syndrome tend to be visual learners. Through visuals, they are easier to remember and repeat. Visual memory in Down syndrome is better than auditory memory in receiving information. Therefore, the visual environment aspect is presented as a facility in architectural element designs to improve cognition, memory, and motor skills in the wayfinding orientation stimulus. Aspects of the visual environment are offered to stimulate the sensory vision repeatedly. Sensory architecture has a role in activating the body in receiving information, exploring the world, providing taste, and forming social relationships. This paper aims to discuss the design of the visual environment in stimulating the sensory vision of people with Down syndrome to facilitate wayfinding orientation. Visual environment design through colours, patterns, materials, and light are presented as tools to activate visual understanding in responding to and remembering wayfinding orientations. Aspects of the visual environment are communication and encouraging physical activity for users.

References

Buckley, S & Bird, G, 2006. (2014). Down Syndrome and Learning. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/down-syndrome-and-learning

Dak Kopec. (2018). Environmental Pshycology for Design. Springer. Hawai.

Febriany F., Laksmi K. Wardani, M. T. R. (2018). Perancangan Interior Creative Center untuk Anak Down Syndrome di Surabaya. Jurnal Intra, 6(2), 586–599.

Hantari, A. N., & Ikaputra. (2020). Wayfinding Dalam Arsitektur. Sinektika, Jurnal Arsitektur, 17(2), 1–9.

Hidayat, Y. N., Mauliani, L., & S, A. F. (2018). Penerapan Konsep Arsitektur Perilaku Pada Bangunan Pusat Rehabilitasi Down Syndrome Di Jakarta. Jurnal Arsitektur PURWARUP, 2(2), 43–56.

Jones, J. C. (1970). Design Methods. John Wiley & Sons. New York.

Jormakka, K. (2017). Basics Design Methods. В Basics Design Methods. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783035612387

Kanaani, M., & Kopec, D. (2016). The routledge companion for architecture design and practice: Established and emerging trends. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315775869

Kopacz, J. (2004). Color in Three Dimentional Design. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/181967.Color_in_Three_Dimensional_Design

Luis, F., & Moncayo, G. (2018). The Senses: Design Beyond Vision.

Meerwein, G., Rodeck, B., & Mahnke, F. H. (2007). Color - Communication in Architectural Space. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-7643-8286-5

Narvaez. (2016). Architecture of down sysndrome. 23 Juni. https://issuu.com/narvaez.arch/docs/architectureofdownsyndrome

Plowright, P. (2014). Revealing Architectural Design. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315852454

Rondal, J.-A. (2007). THERAPHIES AND REHABILITATION IN DOWN SYNDROME.

Swirnoff, L. (1982). The visual environment: Consider the surface. Environmentalist, 2(3), 217–222. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02603101

Tufvesson, C. (2009). The building process as a tool towards an all-inclusive school. A Swedish example focusing on children with defined concentration difficulties such as ADHD, autism and Down’s syndrome. Journal of Housing and the Built Environment, 24(1), 47–66. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10901-008-9129-6

V. M. buyanov. (2006). Fine Motor Skills for Children with Down Syndrome. Woodbine House.

Downloads

Published

28-11-2023

How to Cite

Chalim, T., Hayati, A., & Defiana, I. (2023). Visual Environment Aspects of Public Building Design for People with Down Syndrome. Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, 10(2), 167–177. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.ijds.2023.10.02.4